Dhanteras marks the beginning of Diwali, the festival of lights. It is observed on the thirteenth day of the Kartik month of the dark Lunar fortnight of Krishna Paksha. On this day people devotedly worship Goddess Lakshmi who graces their lives with affluence. Also known as Dhantrayodashi or Dhanvantri Jayanti, the festival lauds the discovery of the ‘Amrit Kalash’ obtained by Samudra Manthan or Churning of the Sea by the originator of Ayurveda and the physician of Gods, Lord Dhanvantari. The deity is worshipped for good health and well being. Dhanteras comes before Diwali and heralds the oncoming days of merriment that is a cumulative celebration for wealth, good fortune and health.
Dhanteras/ Dhana Trayodashi- Meaning, 2020 Date, Time And Muhurta
Dhanteras is also termed as Dhana Trayodashi or Dhanvantari Trayodashi. ‘Dhana’ which means wealth and ‘Teras’ or ‘Trayodashi’ means thirteen. It simplifies the occurrence of Dhanteras on the thirteenth day of the Krishna Paksha Tithi.
Below given is the occurrence Date, Time and Muhurta of the festival in 2020:
Dhanteras Puja- Date :November 13, 2020
Dhanteras Puja Muhurat – 05:28 PM to 05:59 PM
Yama Deepam– Date :13 November, 2020
Pradosh Kaal – 05:28 PM to 08:07 PM
Vrishabha Kaal – 05:32 PM to 07:28 PM
Trayodashi Tithi Begins – 09:30 PM on Nov 12, 2020
Trayodashi Tithi Ends – 05:59 PM on Nov 13, 2020
The Hindu calendar marks Dhanteras as one of the most auspicious days preceding Diwali. There is much significance of this day as it is considered as the festival of wealth. People invest in gold, silver and other precious ornaments as a symbol of bringing home, Goddess Lakshmi, the benefactor of Wealth. It is inscribed in the scriptures as the day of the deity emerging from the oceans during Samudra Manthan. The oceans were churned for ‘Amrita’ or nectar and Goddess Lakshmi along with Lord Dhanvantari appeared with a golden pot of Elixir meant to bring eternity to the Gods.
The story of Dhanteras relates to the legend of King Hima whose tools for governance were justice and love. As per predictions by astrologers, his 16-year-old son’s horoscope prophesied his death by a serpent bite on the fourth day of his marriage. Deeply heartbroken and anguished by the news, King Hima’s tormented heart looked out for ways to save the life of his precious son. Finally, on the advice of a renowned astrologer, he got his son married to a girl who had a lucky horoscope. The astrologer asked her to follow certain rules on the day of their marriage.
On a decided day the bride made a heap of all her valuable jewellery, gold and silver coins and other precious things at the main door of her sleeping chamber. She decorated the entire room with ‘Diyas’ before the arrival of Lord Yama. Meanwhile, when the God of Death crawled himself at the entrance of the main door in the form of a serpent, he was blinded by the dazzle of ornaments and Diyas. The princess’s efforts to stop the serpent from entering the room seem to work as it was allured by the sweet songs and stories narrated by the princess, who managed to save her husband from the clutches of death. This took place on the auspicious day which we know and celebrate as Dhanteras.
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Dhanteras Puja Rituals
Dhanteras holds religious importance and is celebrated with immense enthusiasm and gusto by various sections of the society. Important rituals duly performed on this day are as follows:
- People clean their homes, offices and beautify them with lamps, lanterns, rangoli, Diyas and footprints of Goddess Lakshmi.
- They adorn themselves with new clothes and perform “Lakshmi Puja” or “Dhanteras Puja” to invite wealth and prosperity in their homes and offices.
- Diyas are lit all around homes to ward off negative vibes and evil spirits.
- Lakshmi Puja or Pujan is followed by bhajans and other devotional hymns sung in praise of Goddess Lakshmi.
- A sweet made out of jaggery and coriander seeds is offered as “Naivedya” to Goddess Lakshmi and later distributed as prasad among devotees.
- It is a tradition to follow Shodashopachara along with worship of Lord Dhanvantri. Shodashopachara is a ritual that comprises 16 different procedures of worship.
- In rural areas, people often worship their cattle on this day as they are the prominent source of their income.
- The succeeding day of Dhanteras is celebrated as “Yamadeepdan” or “Narak Chaturdashi”. Diyas are lit by women in the household as a symbol of paying respect to Lord Yama for the longevity and prosperity of their husband and family.
Dhanteras hails good health, well being and abundance. As the thought expresses, Dhanteras is celebrated to amass long life, success, wealth and luxury. It is aptly said a healthy being is the abode of a healthy mind, that flourishes despite various barriers. Dhanteras celebrations often include:
- Shopping of jewellery or coins of gold or silver is considered extremely auspicious on Dhanteras. It is equivalent to bringing “Goddess Lakshmi” home.
- Buying utensils that play a vital role in augmenting riches in the household is a part of the celebration.
- Purchasing any kind of “metal” on Dhantrayodashi is a symbol of good luck and fortune.
- As Dhanteras precedes Diwali lamps are lit all around the house especially in front of Lord Yamraj, to get over the phobia surrounding the Lord of Death.
Celebrations with near and dear ones widen the gateway to strong bondings. However, one can never be sure when adversities creep in ! But every problem comes with a handy solution. Our experts are just a call away! Talk to them about issues pertaining to all aspects of life and let it sparkle along with your wealth this Dhanteras!
MyPandit wishes all its readers a very prosperous Dhanteras!