Importance of Yagna and its Types
Meaning of Yagna
First things first, What is Yagya? Or what is Yajna? Yagya is a sacred fire-based offering used to pray and appease various deities. Since fire is one of the major elements that impact our inner being as well as body, Yagya serves as a medium between humans and God.
It is carried out in a brick-built Havan Kund or fire pit. Colorful flowers, leaves, beans, and grains are commonly used to decorate this fireplace. A special mixture of medicinal herbs, roots, dry fruits, wood, and ghee is used in performing Havan and is provided as an oblation into the Havan Kund fire. Also, Havan is followed by Sanskrit Mantras, which are a strong medium in their own religious way.
Havan is one of the ten niyams/rules or positive virtues that are prescribed for a devotee who wishes to achieve oneness with the divine. Havan is another way to conduct the Deva Yagnya, which is a Hindu ritual of worshipping the gods. I.e. one of man’s five regular responsibilities, according to the Santana Dharma’s tenets. In general, a Havan is conducted with the intention of achieving both spiritual and material success.
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Importance of Yagna
The importance of Havana is stated in approximately 114 Mantras in the Saam Veda. According to the Yajur Veda, Havana is the most effective, appropriate, and beneficial deed. According to the Vedas, the only ways to achieve Moksha (salvation) or Self-realization are by Yajna or Yagnya and the Gayatri Mantra. There are several mantras linked to Yajna in each of the four Vedas. The root “Yaj” is the source of the word “Yajna.” According to the Yajur Veda mantra “Yajudevapujasangatikaranadaaneyshu,” the word “Yaj” has three meanings.
A trained priest with a thorough understanding of the Vedas should conduct the Yagya/Havan. After appeasing all of the concerned Gods with prayers and flowers, a fire is lit in a Havan pot/Kund. The Priest then continues to recite the verses or mantras, accompanied by receiving blessings from God and the Priest.
The significance of Yagna:
- Yagna/Yajna is defined in the Vedas as a tool for living a happy and peaceful life.
- It is one of the ways to please and praise God for all of his blessings.
- Yagna has a soothing effect in our minds due to the verses and mantras chanted during the Yagna.
- Yagna purifies our mind, body, spirit, and environment from negativity.
- Yagna is beneficial in resolving a variety of financial, health, marital/family, and career/job-related issues.
- They can be held on various occasions to seek God’s blessings, such as birthdays, anniversaries, housewarmings, and Mundan/hair cutting ceremonies.
- They can also assist in the correction of horoscope problems related to the home and star sign (Greh and Nakshatra).
- They can be done at any time of the year.
- It purifies a person’s physical environment by destroying both insects and moths.
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An ancient fire Ritual in Hindu Havan
The life of Hinduism is synonymous with highly valuable rituals and vidhis. Any big Puja is incomplete without Havan. A Havan can achieve a level of sacredness and purity that no other ritual can. A sacred Hindu ritual in which offerings are made to the fire is known as a Homa or Havan.
Fire is one of the big five elements of nature and is considered the key element of a Havan or Homa. During a Havan, the offerings made to the holy fire are said to purify the air as well as the people present. It is also said to remove all negative energies from the place. This fire is said to be the primary connection between celestial and human consciousness.
Types of Havan Kund
The most intriguing aspect of Havan Kunds is their various properties in various circumstances. According to the Scriptures, the Havan Kunda’s unique shape reflects the balanced generation and multi-directional energies. It serves as a source of vital and extremely strong energy fields, which then dispersed across the atmosphere.
The following are the different shapes that a Havan Kund can take, as well as their properties:-
- Rectangular or Square – It is also known as Chaturastra Kund and is used for completing all tasks and obtaining Siddhis.
- Triangular – Also known as Trikon Kund, it resembles a bow and arrow and is well built to defeat enemies.
- Circular – It’s also known as Vrut Yajna Kund, and it’s designed for harmony.
- Semi-Circle – This is also known as Ardha Chandra Kund, and it is used to achieve harmony, happiness, tolerance, and resolution. Both the wife and the husband must spend time together in order to bring peace to the house.
- Yoni Kunda – for manifesting desires such as having a child and attracting love.
- Lotus-shaped – It’s also known as the Padma Kund, which means Lotus, and the Yajna Kund, which is rendered in the form of a flower and is used to draw wealth. Its construction is also mentioned in some ancient scriptures for protection against evil energies.
- Star-shaped Yajna Kund – Also known as Pushtrkon Kund, it is used to defeat both invisible and visible enemies.
- The Yajna Kund, which has six angles, is known for bestowing the blessing of a long life.
The various types of Yagnas or Havans
Speaking of types of yajna, depending on the circumstances, various forms of Havan are performed. Some are dependent on the place, others on the intent or objective,. as we say. Below are some Hawan Poojas that use to take place more often:
- Havan of Lakshmi Ganapathi
- Pooja of Rudra Havan
- Navagraha yagna
- Nakshatra yagna
- Maha mrityunjaya Yagna
- Sudarshan yagna
- Saraswati havan (Havan of Saraswati)
- Havan of Lakshmi Narasimha
- Havan of Lakshmi Narayana
- Subrahmanya yagna
- Havan Chandi
- Mahalakshmi havan (Havan of Mahalakshmi)
- Havan Dhanvantari
- Havan of Dakshinamurthy
- Havan Lalitha Devi
- Gayatri yagna
- Santana Gopala Havan
Havan Samagri/Materials Needed
There are approximately 70 different types of ingredients in Hawan Samagri. However, we’ve mentioned the most important Samagris (things) below.
- Wood of Agar
- Bay Leaves
- Cardamom Green
- Dhawai Phool
- Dry Coconut or Sookha? Nariyal
- Dry Eucalyptus leaves
- Harr or Hara
- Indra Jau
- Jara Kush
- Jata Masi or Balchhad
- Kamal Gatta
- Kapoor Kachari
- Nag Keshar
- Red Sandalwood
- Sugandh Bala
- Sugandh Kokila
- Sugandh Mantri
- Tagar Wood
- Talish Patra
- Tej Bal Wood
- Tomad Bee
Dry the leaves and roots in a shady open area until they are fully dry. Combine the ingredients and grind the mixture.
Benefits of Performing Havan
Havan has many advantages, ranging from our bodies, minds, and souls to the world.
The following are some of Havan’s advantages: –
It has a cleaning effect:
Not only do we purify the air, but we also purify our minds and bodies.
A source of kinship:
This procedure also assists in the maintenance of family and group peace and harmony.
The destroyer of Negativity:
All troubling thoughts will be extinguished in the fire by gazing at the Havan fire and chanting the holy mantras, resulting in positivity all around.
It serves Healing Environement:
During Havana, various gases decompose the poisonous gases, releasing free oxygen and other useful items that serve as disinfectants. Experiments on Havana were conducted by a French scientist called Trelle. He discovered that the mango tree is primarily used in Havan.
When wood is burned, a gas called “formic aldehyde” is released, which kills harmful bacteria and purifies the air. The scientists then created “formalin” from “formic aldehyde” gas. He also conducted research on jaggery Gur and discovered that when the jaggery is burned, it produces “formic aldehyde” gas. Tautilk, a scientist, discovered that if we remain in a Havan and its smoke for half an hour, the typhoid germs are killed. According to the Yajurveda, there are four types of items that are commonly used to prepare offerings for a Havan.
1. Sweets such as honey, jaggery, and raw sugar
2. Antibiotic herbs such as gyol and others
3. Nutrients such as pure ghee, dried fruits, and so on.
4. Fragrant products such as cardamom, dried petals, and herbs, to name a few.
The Performance Ladder:
Good thoughts, deeds, and phrases are attained, opening the way for one’s success.
It improves mental Capabilities:
Peace, good health, prosperity, and clarity of mind are also induced by Havan, thanks to enhanced prejudice capacity and better use of mental abilities. As a result, one achieves success in everything one does.
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When should a Havan be done?
Havan should preferably be done on a regular basis. Havan should be performed at least once a week in every household, in the presence of all family members. Since the air is filled with energy or prana in the early hours of the morning, it is considered to be the best time for all religious activities. This practice can, however, be performed at a time that is convenient for everybody.
No Havan is considered complete unless a donation/Daan has been made. Acts of charity and benevolence, liberality, and financial and non-financial donations are all examples of Daan.
The world’s greatest threat today is the world’s toxic climate. It is endangering not just the human race but all living things on the planet. In recent years, the western world has become deeply worried about our climate, which has become increasingly contaminated over time. Since the early Vedic Era, our Rishis and Maharishis have advised us on the purification process involved in a Havan.
As a result, if more people practise Havan twice a day, it is possible that the environment will be purified more effectively. We, on the other hand, have been ignoring it. If we promise to obey the laws of Sanatana Dharma and behave in accordance with them, we are certain that the world will be a much better place to live. So even if you’ll ask, what yagna and yagas were important during the Vedic period? The answer will be yes! But nowadays, it is ultra-important even more, due to t endless reasons.