Mauni Amavasya or Magha Amavasya 2023 : Date, Time, Meaning, Significance & Rituals

Mauni Amavasya or Magha Amavasya 2023 : Date, Time, Meaning, Significance & Rituals

Mauni Amavasya is named after Sage Manu who was believed to take birth on this day. Devotees are told to practice a “Maun Vrat” (Oath of silence) on this day to attain the quality of perfect speech. According to the Hindu scriptures, this day is considered very auspicious for penance and praying to the Lord for forgiveness. However, it is also advised to avoid any special work on this day in an attempt to protect oneself from the negative energy around.

As per the Hindu Panchang, the Mauni Amavasya falls in the middle of the month of Magha and hence is also known as the Maghi Amavasya. Devotees often pledge to bathe in the holy water of Ganga throughout the month of Magha to be forgiven for their sins and to attain salvation. The ritual of bathing in the holy water begins with the Paush Purnima and ends with the Magha Purnima. On the day of the Mauni Amavasya, the holy water of Ganga is considered to be, “Amruta,” which can help anyone who consumes and bathes in it achieve enlightenment.

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Mauni Amavasya or Maghi Amavasya 2023 Date & Time

Event Date and Time
Mauni Amavasya 2023 DateSaturday, Jan 21, 2023
Amavasya Begins OnJan 21, 2023 at 06:17 pm
Amavasya Ends OnFeb 22, 2023 at 02:22 am

Mauni Amavasya Meaning

In simple words, mauni means silence. People who keep fast on this day spend the day without uttering a word. Hence, maintaining silence throughout the day is the reason that it is called Mauni Amavasya. Moreover, the month of Magh is best suitable for spiritual awakening and austerities.

Mauni Amavasya Significance

The Mauni Amavasya is an auspicious day for Hindus all over the world. On this day, hundreds of devotees reside near the bank of the Triveni Sangam, where the holy rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati meet in Prayagraj. The importance of Magh Amavasya lies in the fact that taking a bath in the Triveni Sangam on this day and truly worshipping Lord Vishnu wholeheartedly on this day shall lead to a prolonged, happy and healthy life. The Maha Kumbh Mela also welcomes lakhs of pilgrims on the day of the Mauni Amavasya or Maghi Amavasya.

Rituals to be followed on the Mauni Amavasya

There are a few simple rituals one needs to follow in order to successfully complete the fast of the Mauni Amavasya. Let us know what these rituals are and how they should be performed: 

  • Wake up during the Brahma Muhurat i.e. between 3 am to 6 am.
  • Take a bath in the River Ganga, and if you are not able to do that bathe in clean water or add some “Gangajal” in a bucket of water and then bathe with that water.
  • Chant the mantra written below while bathing with the holy water.

‘Gange cha yamune chaiva godavari saraswati. Narmade Sindhu Kaveri Jalऽsminsannidhi kuru.’

  • Gange cha yamune chaiva godavari saraswati. Narmade Sindhu Kaveri Jalऽsminsannidhi kuru.’After bathing, meditate in the name of Lord Vishnu and take an oath of silence or “Maun Vrat” for the day.
  • Now circumambulate the Tulsi 108 times.
  • Donate money, food and clothes to the poor after worshipping.
  • Ensure that you remain silent right after taking the bath and chant the mantra mentioned above in your mind throughout the day.

The Story behind the Mauni Amavasya

The most popular story about Mauni Amavasya is the one with Brahmin Devaswami. Once lived a Brahmin named Devaswami, with his wife Dhanvati, his sons and a virtuous daughter in Kanchipuri. All his sons were married and he was left with an unmarried daughter eligible for marriage. He began to search for an eligible groom for his daughter and sent his eldest son with his daughter’s kundali to the city to search for a suitable groom. His son showed his sister’s horoscope to an expert astrologer who told him that the girl would become a widow after marriage.

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When Devaswami heard about his daughter’s fate he got worried and asked the astrologer for a remedy. The astrologer suggested requesting a washerwoman Soma in Sinhaladweep to conduct a special “pooja” and that if the lady agreed to perform the “pooja” at his house, then his daughter’s horoscope dosha shall be removed. Devswami headed to Soma’s house but he had to cross the ocean to reach there. When he got tired, hungry and thirsty, he thought of having some rest under a banyan tree.

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On the same tree lived a vulture’s family. The vulture asked Devaswami about his problem and he told them his whole story. Then the vulture assured him that he would help him reach Soma’s house and guided him throughout the journey. Devaswami brought Soma to his house and asked her to perform the pooja (worship) with all the rituals.

After the pooja, his daughter Gunvati got married to a suitable groom. Even after all this, her husband died. Then Soma, being a kind-hearted woman donated her good deeds to Gunavati. Her husband got his life back and Soma returned to Sinhaladweep. As she had donated all her virtuous deeds to Gunavati, her husband, her son and her son-in-law died. Soma went through a deeply saddened phase and began to worship Lord Vishnu sitting under a peepal tree at the bank of the river and circumambulated the Peepal tree 108 times. Pleased with her true worship, Lord Vishnu gave back life to her husband, her son and her son-in-law. And ever since the fast of Mauni Amavasya is practised.

Conclusion

Now that you know all you need to about Mauni Amavasya, we hope you follow the rituals properly and are successful in obtaining the blessings of Lord Shri Hari Vishnu.

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