Gangaur, also known as Gauri Tritiya, is a well-known festival of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and West Bengal. One of the most important festivals of Rajasthan, it is the colourful festival that symbolizes the eternity of marital bliss.
Deciphering the word Gangaur – Gan symbolizes Lord Shiva and Gaur represents Gauri or Goddess Parvati. This festive is mainly held in the honour of Goddess Parvati, appeasing and offering her prayers as she symbolizes the marital love, courage, power, strength and excellence. Usually, married women celebrate this festive by praying to Goddess Parvati for the success of their marital life as well as well being, wealth and long life of their husbands. Whereas the girls worship ‘Mata Gauri’ for getting a lovable, handsome and a compatible life partner.
When is Ganguar Celebrated
Ganguar festival is celebrated with full pomp and joy in Chaitra Maas, the first month according to the Hindu calendar and falls in the month of March and April of the Gregorian calendar. The day after Holi and the first day of Chaitra month embarks the most colourful festival and it is celebrated for 18 days. Looking at the seasons, it also marks the end of the winter season and welcoming the season of Blooms – Spring.
Gangaur/ Gauri Tritiya 2021 – Date & Time
Gangaur Puja on April 15, 2021
Tritiya Tithi Begins – Monday, 29 March 2021
Tritiya Tithi Ends – Thursday, 15 April 2021
Legend/FolkLores Behind Gangaur
According to the folklores/legend, once Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, and Narad Muni planned a small trip to the nearby beautiful place. While they were about to visit forest, their arrival news spread like a wildfire. All women in the nearby villages started preparin delicious dishes for the divine guest. Not only upper class but even the lower class women were enthusiastic to meet Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati. In order not to miss the opportunity of serving their Dieties, women of lower class first embarked on their journey to meet with all the offering from beautiful flowers, scented aromas to delicious food items. Happy with their offering and devotion, Goddess Parvati blessed the ladies by sprinkingly holy “Suhagras” on them.
Later women from the higher class came with their offerings and savoury food. As they finished their offering to the God and Goddess, Lord Shiva questioned Parvati how she is going to bless the remaining suhagans as there were no suhagras left to bless them with. Finding a way out of this, Maata Gauri planned to bless the upper-class women with her own blood. The legend depicts that Goddess Parvati scratched the tip of her finger and blessed all the womenlore with her own blood.
And thus, all women till this day follow the tradition of offering and worshipping Lord Shiva and Mata Gauri to receive their blessings for their happy and successful marital life.
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Major Rituals to be Followed During Gauri Tritiya
The colourful festival of Gauri Tritiya normally commences on the first day of Chaitra which usually starts from the next day of Holi and it continues for 16 days. For the newly weds, the fasting has to be performed for the full period of 18 days of the festivity in order to seek blessings for their successful marriage.
The festival of Ganguar comes to the end on the third day of Shukla Paksha of the Chaitra month according to Hindu calender. The celebrations are carried with fun and frolic along with organising Ganguar Mela the colourful festival fair throughout the period of 18 days.
Gangaur in Rajasthan
Gangaur is celebrated in Rajasthan with a special sweet dish named as Ghewar. A very special procession commences from Zanani-Deodhi of the city palace and passes from Tripolia Bazar and ends at Talkatora. People from all walks of life attend the procession. Udaipur has a historic waterfront named Ghangori Ghat situated at Lake Pichola. The procession commences from the city palace which includes chariots, bullock carts and performances by folk artists. At the end of the procession, the idols are immersed in Lake Pichola.
Main Attraction of Gangaur Festival
The last three days of the festival are the most happening as the Gauri’s are dressed in beautiful cloths and ornaments and the women who have kept their fast dress their dolls as per their will. A procession is taken out during the afternoons where the idols are placed on the top of their head and songs of Gauri and Isar are sung by those women. On the last date, the idols and the pots are then flown into the water and the fast is completed by the women where the festival also comes to an end.
In a Nutshell
The festival of Gangaur event marks the celebration of harvest and spring. According to the legend, Gauri, that is Goddess Parvati, won the affection and love of Lord Shiva with deep meditation and devotion. Gauri after her wedding visits her paternal home for the first time during Gangaur. Women during the festival often meet their paternal relatives or the paternal relatives come to her home to celebrate Gangaur. Unmarried and married women approach vedic astrologers to know about their fortunes and a blissful married life.
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