Amavasya is the lunar phase when the Moon is not visible. In Sanskrit, “Ama” means “together”, and “Vasya” means ”cohabit”. According to the Hindu Calendar, there are 30 lunar phases, called “tithi”.
When the Moon is within the 12 degrees of angular distance between the Sun and the Moon is known as Amavasya or No Moon. Pratipada or the New Moon tithi is the 12 degrees’ angular distance between the Sun and Moon after conjunction. The period between Purnima and Amavasya is termed Krishna Paksha. As per Hindu Calendar, Amavasya falls during Krishna Paksha of the Chaitra month is known as Chaitra Amavasya.
Chaitra Amavasya is considered a very auspicious day in our religion. This Amavasya falls in the month of March-April. However, this day has a great significance in our Indian Culture. On this day, religious and spiritual activities are performed, such as bathing, charity and donation of materials. Chaitra Amavasya is also known for performing rituals such as Pitra Tarpan.
People offer food to crows, cows, dogs and even poor people. According to Garuda Purana, ancestors visit their descendants on Amavasya and offer food to them. Chaitra Amavasya Vrat is among one of the most popular fasts in the Hindu religion. The Amavasya Vrat or fast begins in the morning and lasts till the Moon is seen on Pratipada.
Chaitra Amavasya & Its Significance in Hindu Culture
Chaitra Amavasya is the first Amavasya of the year and falls in the month of Chaitra or the first month of the Hindu calendar. It is considered a very auspicious and important day, so spiritual rituals and healing are done on this day.
It has been believed that Worshipping Lord Vishnu by doing Vishnu Puja on Chaitra Amavasya helps eliminate pains, distress, and negativity from life. It has been mentioned in Puranas that a holy dip in the river Ganga on this conspicuous day eradicates your sins and evil deeds.
Hindus also take part in rituals like Shradh for their ancestors. It helps to eliminate Pitra Dosha. If you are also facing glitches in life, then Pitra Dosha might be the reason for all your suffering. Consult our Experts for Pitra Dosha.
Importance of Chaitra Amavasya Vrat and Religious Rituals
The culture of our country is very rich and diverse. Several pious activities are performed on this day. Fasting on Chaitra Amavasya is done for the salvation of ancestors. The rituals done on this day are given below:
- Wake up before dawn and take a bath in a holy river, pond or lake. Offer Argh or water to the Sun while reciting Mantras and Slokas.
- Have a fast on this auspicious day and donate food, clothes, and cows to the needy people.
- Offer food to Brahmins, poor people, cows, dogs, crows and small kids after Shradh.
- In the evening, place a mustard oil earthen Diya under the Peepal tree. You can also offer blue flowers, black sesame seeds, black clothes, Urad dal and mustard oil in the Shani temple.
Benefits of Fasting on Chaitra Amavasya Vrat
As per Hindu Calendar, the New Moon day falls in the month of Chaitra. Fasting on this day has great importance in Hindu culture. On this day, we worship Lord Vishnu for peace and prosperous health. Fasting on Chaitra Amavasya 2021 has several benefits, which are given below:
- Fasting on this auspicious day eliminates problems and attracts peace and harmony in life.
- It has been said that our ancestors visit on earth. Prayers are performed on Amavasya night, and water and food are offered to them.
- Spiritual rituals are performed to get rid of all the negative and evil spirits.
- Spiritual healing is also done on this day. It helps in enhancing physical and mental health.
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Below is the List of Amavasya Vrat and Festivals
|S.N.||Hindu Month||Amavasya Vrat and Same Day Festival|
|2||Vaisakha||Vaisakha Vaishakha Amavasya|
|3||Jyeshta||Jyeshtha Amavasya, Darsha Bhavuka Amavasya, Shani Jayanti, Vat Savitri Vrat|
|6||Bhadrapada||Bhadrapada Amavasya, Pithori Amavasya|
|7||Ashwin||Ashwin Amavasya, Sarva Pitru Amavasya, Sarvapitri Darsha Amavasya|
|8||Kartika||Kartika Amavasya, Diwali, Lakshmi Puja|
|11||Magha||Magha Amavasya, Mauni Amavas|
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Below is the List of 2021 Amavasya dates and timings
|S.N.||Dates & Month||Days||Hindu Month & Time of Amavasya 2021|
|1||January 12,2021||Tuesday||Darsha Amavasya, Pausha, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 12:22 on Jan 12 Ends:10:29 on Jan 13|
|2||January 13, 2021||Wednesday||Pausha, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 12:22 on Jan 12 Ends: 10:29 on Jan 13|
|3||February 11, 2021||Thursday||Magha, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 01:08 on Feb 10 Ends: 00:35 on Feb 11|
|4||March 13, 2021||Saturday||Phalguna, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 15:02 on Mar 12 Ends: 15:50 on Mar 13|
|5||April 11, 2021||Sunday||Chaitra, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 06:03 on Apr 11 Ends: 08:00 on Apr 12|
|6||April 12, 2021||Monday||Chaitra, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 06:03 on Apr 11 Ends: 08:00 on Apr 12|
|7||May 11, 2021||Tuesday||Vaishakha, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 21:55 on May 10 Ends: 00:29 on May 11|
|8||July 9, 2021||Friday||Ashadha, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 05:16 on Jul 08 Ends: 06:46 on Jul 10|
|9||August 8, 2021||Sunday||Shravana, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 19:11 on Aug 07 Ends: 19:19 on Aug 08|
|10||September 6, 2021||Monday||Bhadrapada, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 07:38 on Sep 06 Ends: 06:21 on Sep 07|
|11||September 7, 2021||Tuesday||Bhadrapada, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 07:38 on Sep 06 Ends: 06:21 on Sep 07|
|12||October 6, 2021||Wednesday||Ashwina, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 19:04 on Oct 05 Ends: 16:34 on Oct 06|
|13||November 4, 2021||Thursday||Kartika, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 06:03 on Nov 03 Ends: 02:44 on Nov 04|
|14||December 3, 2021||Friday||Margashirsha, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 16:55 on Dec 03 Ends: 13:12 on Dec 04|
|15||December 4, 2021||Saturday||Margashirsha, Krishna Amavasya Begins: 16:55 on Dec 03 Ends: 13:12 on Dec 04|
In the above article, we have mentioned every single detail on Chaitra Amavasya. To know more in detail about the importance and benefits of Chaitra Amavasya 2021, please visit our website or download the MyPandit app and connect with our Experts. They will guide with the complete details on Chaitra Amavasya and how to perform rituals and fasting on Amavasya.