Nag Panchami 2021: Significance, Rituals and Beliefs

Nag Panchami 2021: Significance, Rituals and Beliefs

Many festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm in the vast subcontinent of India. The holy land of many festivals and religious rituals. Among the various festivals celebrated here – NagPanchami is one of them. Also, this auspicious festival has been given a very important place in Hinduism. 

The festival of Nagpanchami is celebrated on the Shukla Paksha of Sawan month and Panchami of Krishna Paksha. This year in 2021, Nag Panchami will fall on 13th August in North India and on 27th August in many areas of South India including Gujarat.

Significance of Nag Panchami

On this day, the Lord of Nagalok or the underworld is worshipped. Apart from India, it is celebrated in many countries around the world including our neighbouring country Nepal. On hearing the name of the snake, a feeling of fear comes into our minds. Moreover, Snake is also considered a direct form of Kaal. But, worshipping the snake on the day of Nag Panchami removes all the fears. On the day of Nag Panchami, worshipers offer milk to the snake deity. Many people worship him by making snakes of different sizes. At the same time, in many regions, a picture of a snake is hanged or made at the entrance of the house. 

There are also temples of Nag Devta in many parts of our country including Maharashtra, Karnataka, where devotees offer special worship to Nag Devta on the day of Naga Panchami. In today’s perspective, Nag Panchami can also be seen as protecting serpents. This inspires us to save snakes from unruly trade, where they are either illegally traded to different lands or killed for various reasons. On the day of Nag Panchami, apart from the serpent, Lord Shiva should also be worshipped, as this makes the Nagdevta happy and protects us from all evils.

Nag Panchami Day and Auspicious Timings:

Every year according to the Hindu calendar Nag Panchami is celebrated on the bright fortnight of the Sawan month. According to the English Calendar, in the year 2021, it is falling on Friday, 13th August.
However, in some parts of South India and Gujarat, it is celebrated on the fifth day of Krishna Paksha, which falls three days before Krishna Janmashtami. This year it is on Friday, August 27, 2021.

Nag Panchami Muhurta of North India

North IndiaDate / Timings
Nag Panchami Date:13th August 2021, Day: (Friday)
Panchami Tithi Begins12th August at 03:24 PM
Panchami Tithi Ends13th August at 01:42 PM
Nag Panchami Puja MuhuratFrom 05:49 AM to 08:28 AM

Nag Panchami Muhurta in Gujarat including some parts of South India

South IndiaDate / Timings
Nag Pancham Date:27th August 2021, Day: (Friday)
Panchami Tithi Begins:26th August 2021 at 05:13 PM
Panchami Tithi Ends:27th August 2021 at 06:48 PM
Nag Pancham Puja MuhurtaFrom 06:20 AM to 08:31 PM

In many places including India, the festival of Nag Panchami is celebrated only on the fifth day of Shukla Paksha of Sawan month. However, in Gujarat including some parts of South India, the festival of Nag Panchami is celebrated on Panchami of Krishna Paksha.

On this day, 12 forms of Nag Dev are worshipped and milk is offered. The month of Sawan is very dear to Lord Shiva that is also the reason Nag Panchami is celebrated in the month of Sawan. In Andhra Pradesh, there is a different day for worshipping the snake. Here Nag Chaturthi or Nagula Chavithi is celebrated on Chaturthi just after Deepawali.

Worship Method of Nag Panchami

On the day of Nag Panchami, wake up early in the morning and take a bath. Also, sprinkle Ganges water in your house. On this day, worship Lord Nagdev. Fasting on the day of Nagpanchami is also considered very important. To worship, either take the portrait of the Snake god or make a statue of a snake from clay and stand it on the wooden platform. Also, at the same time, you can make a picture of a snake on both sides of the door of the house. After that, they offer turmeric, roli (kumkum), rice, and flowers. After this, mix ghee and sugar in raw milk and offer it to the snake. After this, you should perform the aarti of the snake deity, and send him away by giving Dakshina to a snake charmer. After this, you should listen to the story of Nangpanchami. Apart from this, Rudrabhishek is also an important part of the Nag Panchami. This day is also known as Garuda Panchami, hence Garuda should also be worshipped on the day of Nag Panchami. Basically, on NagPanchami 12 snakes are especially worshipped for seeking blessings and protection for the overall family.

Nag Panchami 12 Serpents Names

  • Anant
  • Vasuki
  • Shees
  • Padma
  • Kambhal
  • Karkotaka
  • Ashwatar
  • Dhritarashtra
  • Sdarkpal
  • Kalia
  • Takshak
  • Pingala

Nag Panchami Ritual Mantra

|| Aum Bhujngeshay Vidmahe, Nagrajay DHEEMAHI, Tnno Nag: Prchodayat || 

‘Survey Naga: Priyantam mein kechit prithvi tale |

Ye Cha Helimrichistha Ye Antre Divi Sanstha: ||

Ye Nadishu Mahanaga Yeh Saraswatigamin: |

Yeh cha vapitdageshu teshu sarveshu vai namah ||

The meaning of this mantra is that we repeatedly bow to the serpent gods residing in this universe, you bless us.

Story of Nag Panchami

Many stories related to Nag Panchami are prevalent in different parts of India. It is believed that after worshipping Nagpanchami, listening to its story gives more benefits. We tell you about the most popular of these stories.

In ancient times a rich man had seven sons. Among them, the wife of the youngest son had no brother. One day their wives had gone to get the soil to cover the house. While digging the soil, the eldest daughter-in-law saw a snake, on seeing the snake, she started killing it. Then the youngest daughter-in-law stopped her and said that this is an innocent animal. Hearing this, the elder daughter-in-law did not kill her and the snake crawled away at one side and sat down. Then the youngest daughter-in-law told the snake not to go anywhere, until she comes back. The snake remained in its place, but the daughter-in-law forgot everything and went home. When she realized this the next day, she ran to the snake, and addressed him as her brother and apologized. Then the snake told her that as she called him brother, he would forgive her. Then the snake said that as she has saved his life, she can ask for anything she wants. Then the younger daughter-in-law requested the snake to become her brother. The snake, fulfilling her wish, accepted to be her brother, Then the snake took her to his house to give her presents. The daughter-in-law was too surprised to see the wealth and opulence, as the house was full of diamonds and jewels. The snake sent the sister away by giving her many ornaments and a necklace studded with diamonds.

When she returned home with the necklace, the word spread like fire throughout the state. The news of the necklace of the younger daughter-in-law reached the queen of that kingdom. The queen insisted that the king get that necklace. On getting the king’s order, the servants brought a necklace studded with diamonds and pearls from the younger daughter-in-law. The younger daughter-in-law became very sad when the king snatched away the necklace gifted by his brother. She called out to his brother, saying that whenever the queen wore the necklace, the necklace should become a snake, and when removed,  it should return to its original form when she took it off. Now whenever the queen tried to wear the necklace, it would become a snake. When the king came to know about this, he immediately sent a word to summon the younger daughter-in-law, and asked her what’s the reason behind the necklace’s transformation. Then the younger daughter-in-law politely informed me that the necklace is made like that only  when it is around someone’s neck other than her, it becomes a snake. The king asked her to show. So, when the younger daughter-in-law wore the necklace, it remained as a necklace only. Then the king believed her and returned the necklace. When the family members of the younger daughter-in-law got to know about this, they also expressed their desire to know about the reason. Then the younger daughter-in-law told about her snake brother. But, unfortunately, no one believed her. So, she called her brother. Hearing the call of his sister, Nagraj appeared and told the truth to everyone. Since then, the festival of Nag Panchami has been celebrated.

Although there are many stories related to Nag Panchami, this one is widely spread in most parts of our country India. In many regions, the worship of Nag Devta is concluded by listening to the story.

Nag Panchami - From the Scientific Point of View

The festival of Nag Panchami is not just celebrated for religious reasons. There is also a scientific reason behind it. There are many species on our planet, which are becoming extinct nowadays. So, we need to protect and save them. Many people kill snakes out of fear of their attack. Whereas, it is seen that as long as you do not tease a snake, it does not bite. 

Furthermore, farmers also benefit from snakes. Usually, in fields, snakes destroy animals like rats that damage the crops in the fields. Hence, crops are not destroyed. Worshipping snake deities on Nag Panchami can create awareness among people and spread awareness about trying to save them.

Conclusion

On the day of Nagpanchami, women worship Nag as their brother. The reason for this is mentioned in the story of Nag Panchami. Also, worshipping Devadhidev Mahadev on this day gives benefits. The worship of Mahadev in the month of Sawan is considered to be of greater importance. It is also believed that if someone in your house has died due to a snake bite, then you should fast on Panchami for a year i.e. twelve months. Hence, there will never be any fear of snakes in future. 

Well, we hope you have understood the importance of NagPanchami. Celebrate the festival of Nag Panchami following the full rituals along with trying to save snakes and other endangered species. Worshipping Lord Shiva along with Nag Dev brings you happiness and safety for your family.