Diwali 2021: Read the Dates, Muhurats and Signifance.
The word “Deepawali” literally means rows of lamps (earthen lamps). It is a very popular festival of the Hindu calendar. However, it is celebrated on the 15th day of Kartik (October / November). It is one of the most enjoyable festivals in India.
Diwali is also called ‘Deepotsav’. ‘Tamso ma jyotirgamay’ Arthat (O Lord!) Take me from darkness to light. This year Diwali will be celebrated on November 4th all over the country.
The Amavasya tithi begins 06:03 on Nov 04, 2021, and ends at 02:44 on Nov 05, 2021.
Here is the complete detail about Diwali week. Let’s have a look-
Deepawali Day 1: November 1, 2021 (Monday) Ekadashi
- Govatsa Dwadashi
- Vasu Baras
Deepawali Day 2: November 2, 2021 (Tuesday) Dwadashi
- Dhanvantari Trayodashi
- Yama Deepam
Deepawali Day 3: November 3, 2021 (Wednesday) Trayodashi
- Kali Chaudas
- Hanuman Puja
Deepawali Day 4: November 4, 2021 (Thursday) Amavasya
- Narak Chaturdashi
- Tamil Deepavali
- Lakshmi Pooja
- Kedar Gauri Vrat
- Chopda Puja
- Sharda Puja
- Kali Puja
- Diwali Snan
- Diwali Devpuja
Deepawali Day 5: November 5, 2021 (Friday) Pratipada
- Govardhan Puja
- Bali Pratipada
- Dyuta Krida
- Gujarati New Year
Deepawali Day 6: November 6, 2021(Saturday)
- Bhaiya Dooj
- Bhau Beej
- Yama Dwitiya
Significance of Diwali 2021
Diwali is not all about fireworks, lights, and decoration. It also symbolizes the victory of light over darkness, of good over evil and of knowledge over ignorance.
Celebrated by all irrespective of religions, castes, and backgrounds. Needless to say that all are united during the occasion of Diwali and celebrations happening all across the nation. However, on this day, individuals sit back and reflect all happenings in their life. Also, they plan how to make things better going forward.
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Mythological Stories Behind Diwali Festival
India is a country of diversified cultures and traditions. Diwali is the five-day festival of lights, that not only holds religious significance in the lives of Hindus, but is equally important for non-Hindu communities like Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists who celebrate the glorious festival with great joy and fervour. The festival is said to coincide with harvest and new year celebrations. It is believed to be an auspicious day for new beginnings that also sends across a message of the triumph of the good over evil, and light over darkness. What lies ahead of you today? Does your horoscope show a new start? Get Your Free Daily Predictions Now!
The Jain community commemorates Diwali as the day of the passing into Nirvana ( freedom from the cycle of rebirth) of Lord Mahavira, one of the 24 Tirthankaras ( one who follows the righteous path). On this day Jains light lamps that are explained as a material substitute for the light of holy knowledge that was extinguished with Mahavira’s passing. They use earthen saucers containing either wicks immersed in coconut oil or pieces of lighted camphor to light lamps. This is a mere symbolization of keeping the light of Lord Mahavir’s knowledge alive.
Since the 18th century, Diwali has been celebrated in Sikhism. The Sikh community dedicates the day to their sixth Guru, Shri Guru Hargobind who unshackled the chains of the British prison of the Mughal Empire and freed himself. This apparently is an echo of Rama’s return to Ayodhya. They honour the day as Bandi Chhor Divas and express glee by lighting lamps throughout the city to celebrate the occasion.
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Celebrations and Rituals of Deepawali
On the day of Diwali, Hindus light rows of lamps around their houses. Also, they draw elaborate sand paintings, popular called rangolis outside their homes. The Goddess of Wealth, Maha Laxmi is also honoured.
- Houses are cleaned people get their houses painted and decorate them with lights.
- New clothes are worn.
- Firecrackers and fireworks are burnt to celebrate the festival.
- Gifts are exchanged with friends, relatives, and loved ones.
- Baths in holy rivers and oil baths are done.
- Neighbours, family, and friends come together to celebrate the festival.
- Blessings of elders are sought.
Diwali Poojan and Vidhi
Ingredients required for Diwali worship
Ingredients include – Kalava, Roli, Sindoor, a coconut, akshat, red cloth, flowers, five betel nuts, cloves, betel leaves, ghee, Kalash, mango Pallava for Kalash, chowki, samidha, havan kund, havan material, lotus gatte, Panchamrit ( Milk, curd, ghee, honey, Ganges water), fruits, betashes, sweets, asanas for sitting in worship, turmeric, agarbatti, kumkum, perfume, lamp, cotton, aarti plate. Kusha, Rak Chandanad, Shrikhand Chandan.
Before starting the worship:
- Make a Rangoli in place of Ganesh Lakshmi.
- Light one lamp each on the four corners of the outpost on which you are worshipping.
- After this, place the raw rice where the idol is to be kept, then the idol of Ganesh and Lakshmi will be enshrined.
However, on Diwali, there is also a tradition to worship Lakshmi, Ganesh along with Kubera, Saraswati, and Kali Mata; if they have an idol, they should also sit at the place of worship. There is a belief that the worship of Goddess Lakshmi Puja is incomplete without worshipping Lord Vishnu Puja. Therefore, worship Goddess Lakshmi by placing it to the left of Lord Vishnu.
Start Diwali Puja with the holy mantra:
“ऊं अपवित्र: पवित्रोवा सर्वावस्थां गतोऽपिवा। य: स्मरेत् पुण्डरीकाक्षं स बाह्याभ्यन्तर: शुचि:॥”
“While reciting this mantra, splash water or gangajal over your posture and worship materials 3-3 times with Kusha or Pushpadi. Achchaman – Oum Keshvay Nam: Oom Madhavaya Nam: O O Narayanay Nam:, then wash hands.
Lakshmi Puja Mantra
For Financial Benefit:
Om Shreem Maha Lakshmiyei Namaha
For overall abundance:
Om Hreem Shreem Kleem Maha Lakshmi Namaha
For greater happiness:
Om Shreem Shree-aee Namaha
For overall spiritual growth:
Om Maha Deyvicha Vidmahay; Vishnu Patnicha Deemahee; Thanno Lakshmi Prachodayat
While chanting the above mantras use a rosary made of rhinestones (sfatik) and one should chant the above mantra at least 108 times.
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Saraswati Puja on diwali
To begin, Saraswati Puja, Bahi-Khate, i.e. account books or any other books, are kept at the place of worship. Draw a Swastika symbol on account books with Rochana or red Sandal paste. Once Swastika is drawn on account books, Saraswati Puja can begin.
Hail to Devi Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, arts, and wisdom by people following the Hindu faith. She is the consort of Brahma, the creator of the Universe, and also the source of endless learning. Although Devi Saraswati is worshipped every day, worshipping her on Diwali along with Lord Ganesha and goddess Lakshmi has special significance.
Saraswati Vandana Shloka–
Ya Kundendu Tushara Hara Dhavala, Ya Shubhra Vastravrita
Ya Veena Varadanda Manditakara, Ya Shveta Padmasana
Ya Brahmachyuta Shankara Prabhritibihi, Devaih Sada Pujita
Sa Mam Pattu Saraswati Bhagavatee Nihshesha Jadyapaha॥1॥
Salutations to Goddess Saraswati, who wears a garland of white pearls; the one who is dressed in white; the one who holds a Veena in her hand; the one who holds the blessing mudra; and the one who is seated on a white lotus.
Brahma, Vishnu, and Shankara hail and worship you, O! Goddess Saraswati, bless me and remove all my ignorance.
Karthik Amavasya in Puranas
In the Brahma Purana, it is said that on Kartik Amavasya Lakshmi ji comes to earth. The Padma Purana says that by donating a lamp on this day, one gets Akshaya Punya. According to Skandpuran, on the new moon of Kartik month, one should recite the Gita and donate food.
Along with this, Basil should also be offered to Lord Vishnu. It eliminates all sins and bad deeds. However, offering food on this day adds to happiness. Such a person is Chiranjeevi. Donating food on this day gives fruit equivalent to donating thousands of cows.
Donations on Amavasya
According to Skanda and Bhavishya Purana, pilgrimage bath and charity on the New moon day of Kartik month eliminates all kinds of sins and bad deeds.
At this festival, mixing Ganga water in the water at home can be a result of bathing in the pilgrimage. Also, donating according to reverence gets rid of all kinds of diseases, grief, and dosha.
On this day, especially woollen clothes should be donated. According to Bhavishya, Padma and Matsya Purana, donating food and clothes along with lamps should also be done on this day.
Every kind of donation made on the new moon day of Kartik month is a renewable fruit.
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Why do We Light Diyas on Diwali?
In Hinduism, the importance of lighting a lamp on the night of Diwali is there. The practice of lighting lamps has always been prevalent on the night of Diwali that on the day of Diwali, Lord Shri Ramchandra returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.
All the residents of Ayodhya were delighted with Shri Ram Chandra’s arrival. Also, the residents lit lamps in the whole city in the joy of Ram Ji’s arrival. Hence since then, there is a law to light a lamp on the night of Diwali.
According to another belief, in the Puranas, lamps are lit not only for Mahalakshmi but also for the ancestors.
The belief behind the practice of lighting fireworks, Akashdeep, Kandil, etc., with a lamp, is that Diwali-Amavasya begins the night of forefathers. We decorate everything with lights so that our ancestors do not get lost in their way.