Panguni Uthiram 2021: Know The Importance Of Auspicious Day
Panguni Uthiram or Meena Uttara Phalguni (in Sanskrit) is one of the eights maha Vrats mentioned in Skanda Purana. Observing fast on this day is considered ‘Kalyanam Vrat’, as per the myths. In Tamil, the full moon day of Panguni is known as Panguni Uthiram. Mainly, this day is celebrated among the Tamilians with great pleasure. Panguni month occur at the same time as Phalgun or Chaitra month of the Hindu Calendar. Usually, this festival is celebrated around the end of March, when the full Moon falls rises in the sky. On this day, the Moon enters Uttara-Phalguna or Uthiram Nakshatra (in Tamil). Panguni will be the last month of the Tamil Calendar because the Tamil New Year begins after that.
The legend Of Panguni Uthiram
When Uthiram Nakshatra coincides with the full moon, it holds special meaning for Tamil Hindus. This day is believed to be more special than the wedding day of Lord Muruga and Deivanai, the daughter of Lord Indra. Panguni Uthiram is celebrated for Lord Muruga’s wedding. Devasena was raised by Lord Indra’s white elephant Iravat. Another tale, like Jayantipura Mahatmya, narrates the story about the wedding of Lord Muruga and his consorts Deivanai and Valli (as seen in his illustration in the temples.)
Deivanai and Valli were sisters who were destined to marry Lord Muruga. They were raised as sisters named Amrutha Valli and Sundaravalli. Later, they reincarnated as Devasena and Valli. Thereafter, they were adopted by two different people and got separated from each other. One daughter was adopted by Lord Indra, and the other was brought up by a tribal king. When Muruga killed the demons, he was born to execute Lord Indra, who married his daughter Deivanai. Later, he married Valli with the help of his brother, Lord Ganapati and took her to Thiruthani.
Other wonderful weddings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati took place on this full moon day. And since then, it is celebrated as the Jayanti of Lord Ayyappan in Tirupati Tirumala tirtha.
Timings of the Panguni Uthiram Festival
- Date: March 28, 2021- Sunday
- Uthiram Nakshathram Begins: 19:52 on Mar 27, 2021
- Uthiram Nakshathram Ends : 17:36 on Mar 28, 2021
Rituals And Proceedings Of The Day
Devotees visit the temples of Lord Murugan on this day. They clean the idol of God and decorate it with flowers and fragnance.
Men observe Pad Yatra (foot pilgrimage) to the temples of Lord Murugan and cover about 100 kilometres in three to four days. Women offer buttermilk like cool beverages and food to pilgrimage devotees.
Kavadis(Bamboo poles) are offered to Lord Muruga as the devotees carry them on their shoulders along with pots of milk, sacred water and flowers to pay the lord their homage.
The ten-day celebration of the Panguni festival continues till the day of the full moon in the part of Chennai city’s Mylapore with the celestial wedding called Thirukalyanam. Ayyappan Jayanti is celebrated in Ayyappa temples situated across Tamilnadu and Kerala.
Devotees observe Kalyan Vrata on this day and begin their fast soon after bathing in the early morning. Then, they avoid eating or only take one meal a day. During the fast, devotees also visit the nearby temple to worship Lord Muruga, Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and seek their blessings.
A unique sweet dishes (Prasadam) is prepared as offerings to Lord Shiva. On concluding the fast, devotees also eat prasad and share it with other family members.
This is how the festival of Panguni Uthiram celebrated with true faith and devotions. Not only in Tamilnadu but it is also celebrated in the major parts of India. Devotees who observe the fast and worship the Lord with a pure heart may win special blessings from God.